is lactic acid or glycolic acid better for hyperpigmentation

Glycolic acid has the smallest molecular size among all the alpha-hydroxy acids. Start with a low percentage like 5%, follow the directions to use sparingly every few weeks until your skin is used to acid exfoliation before trying a stronger lactic acid product. Kim SJ, Baek JH, Koh JS, Bae MI, Lee SJ, Shin MK. When an acid is working, you should feel a slight tingling on your skin, perhaps paired with some temporary redness afterward. These are the most common questions we have in our Sunday Riley Facebook Group. I've mentioned several times on the blog over the last 3-ish years, that I am a huge fan of Sunday Riley Good Genes.I repurchased the original Lactic Acid version numerous times but, as I mentioned in my recent Sunday Riley post, Good Genes has been reformulated and is now a Glycolic Acid … Forty Indian patients with moderate to severe melasma were treated over a period of time with glycolic acid peels against a control group. The mice were exposed to the sun’s UVB (a type of ultraviolet light) for 10 weeks and then a 15% glycolic acid was applied to their skin for the subsequent 10 weeks. … In one study conducted on Indian patients with melasma, glycolic acid showed promising results. Philipp Babilas, Ulrich Knie, Christoph Abels. Before all that, you have to know where to start. Please note an important distinction here. Lactic acid offers the same benefits as its stronger sister, glycolic acid, but because it has a larger molecule size, it does not penetrate as deeply. So both glycolic acid and lactic acid are effective in reducing and preventing acne by exfoliating to open comedones and remove blackheads and whiteheads. Both ingredients promise to reduce your wrinkles, acne, hyperpigmentation, fine lines, and other visible … It would be better to find which ones works better for your skin type and sensitivity and use that over the course of a few months and then reevaluate if you need a higher strength product or maybe a different one. If you purchase a product found through our links, Sunday Edit may earn an affiliate commission. Lactic acid does everything glycolic acid does, but just a bit slower because it’s a little bit larger, which slightly reduces its ability to penetrate skin’s outermost layer. Jessner's solution is made with 14 g of resorcinol, 14 g of salicylic acid (a beta hydroxy acid) and 14 g of lactic acid (an alpha hydroxy acid… Use a product that has soothing ingredients like aloe vera and lavender. Glycolic acid can also disturb the production of melanin within the basal layer of the skin, making it a good option for those looking to combat hyperpigmentation. According to Nowell Solish, M.D., a cosmetic dermatologist and consulting dermatologist for Indeed Labs, they do this by weakening the binding properties of the particles that hold the outer skin cells together. “In general, acids with a weaker percentage and more neutral pH can be used daily, while products with a higher acid percentage and lower pH should be limited to two or three times a week,” explains Dr. Russak. The results: “The results of this study, while confirming the high tolerability and efficacy of this AHA cream in the treatment of mild/moderate acne, reasonably suggest its possible use also in monotherapy. Both lactic acid and glycolic acid can be used at different concentrations to effectively target a host of skincare issues, from improving acne or skin texture, reducing fine lines and discoloration, and reversing sun damage and aging symptoms. A notable difference between glycolic acid and mandelic acid products is the lack of skin irritation. Dr. Wexler explains that it’s a milder version of glycolic that’s great for smoothing the skin, whether it be on your legs or your face. The study paid attention to whether there was improvement in wrinkles and an increase in collagen production. If you can tolerate it naturally or have built up your tolerance for it, glycolic acid offers a range of benefits at a much faster rate than lactic acid. Glycolic Acid: Why It’s Your Skincare Exfoliant Holy Grail, Why Lactic Acid Is Perfect For Your Sensitive Skin. Love glycolic acid discussions! Is it OK to use them every day? However, higher risk for erythema was observed in the trichloroacetic acid peel groups compared with the glycolic acid peel groups (risk ratio, -0.18; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.30 to -0.071; P =.002).Risk for hyperpigmentation was similar for trichloroacetic acid peel and glycolic acid … This is especially true of glycolic and lactic acids, two of the most popular alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) whose main function is to exfoliate skin and leave behind a beautiful glow. So both glycolic acid and lactic acid have been shown to effectively treat current and prevent new acne. The results: “The group receiving the glycolic acid peel with topical regimen showed early and greater improvement than the group which was receiving topical regimen only… This study concluded that combining topical regimen (2% hydroquinone, 1% hydrocortisone and 0.05% tretinoin) with serial glycolic acid peeling significantly enhances the therapeutic efficacy of glycolic acid peeling. Is it OK to use them together? Glycolic acid is your friend, in this case. So you must wear sunscreen while using an AHA like lactic acid. In one study conducted on 248 Italian patients with mild to moderate acne, the patients were treated with alpha hydroxy acid twice a day for 60 days. Unlike other AHAs made from fruits, lactic acid is made from lactose in milk. But they do the same thing as different concentrations and at a different time frame. Depending on your skin, you may find that a less potent acid used more frequently works better for you. Given that it is a highly penetrative acid, we highly recommend starting with a low concentration like 5% so that your skin can become accustomed to alpha hydroxy acid before moving onto a high concentration that your skin may not tolerate. Still unsure which to choose? (1999) Dermatol Surg.]. First, they slough off top layers of dead skin cells revealing new skin underneath. Any skincare routine takes repeated use overtime to reach its full potential (they don’t call it a routine for nothin’), but if you are looking for immediate and more dramatic results, glycolic acid is your best bet. The combination of glycolic acid peeling with the topical regimen is a highly effective, safe and promising therapeutic option in treatment of melasma.” [source: Chaudhary S, Dayal S. (2013) J Drugs Dermatol.]. So you should use glycolic acid carefully. Now when you apply a moisturizer, you’re able to apply it directly onto skin’s surface on new skin cells. Check if the product contains any ingredient that you are allergic to. People with sensitive skin will find lactic acid to be the gentler acid between two. Fine wrinkles and lines appear to improve, much like photoaged skin does with the use of 10% glycolic acid preparations. Glycolic and lactic acids, two of the most popular alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), main function is to exfoliate skin and leave behind a beautiful glow. Lactic acid can be found in concentrations as low as 1% to 50% or more but we do not recommend getting a double digit concentration if you’ve never used an alpha hydroxy acid before. Lactic acid is an AHA, or an alpha hydroxy acid. This article will compare lactic acid with glycolic acid, but if you want to learn more about AHAs or other types of AHAs, read our guide to AHAs. Lactic acid, on the other hand, is derived from milk (while experts say those with dairy restrictions should be okay, you might want to consult your derm just to be safe). For Hyperpigmentation Lactic acid vs glycolic acid for hyperpigmentation. Furthermore, its use can be reasonably hypothesized as a maintenance treatment after specific pharmacological treatment even in more severe acne types.” [source: Baldo A, Bezzola P, Curatolo S, Florio T, Lo Guzzo G, Lo Presti M, Sala GP, Serra F, Tonin E, Pellicano M, Pimpinelli N. (2010) G Ital Dermatol Venereol.]. Acids might seem pretty intimidating at first (after all, middle school science class teaches us that they can lead to burns and boils) but, when formulated correctly, experts say they can do wonders. On the other hand, you may be an acid veteran and be looking for the next potent option, or you may have noticed that your skin is resilient and is able to tolerate exfoliation well. That means it can penetrate deeper into your skin and work faster. A lot has to do with your skin and its sensitivity. “Glycolic acid tends to be more mild than a retinol, and is ideal if your concerns are more focused on dull or tired looking skin,” says Dr. “This makes the peel a milder and gentler option suitable for all skin types, but especially good for more sensitive types,” she says, adding that lactic acid has demonstrated having a more favorable side effect profile and faster recovery time. In this video, we discuss what's Best for the Skin, when it comes to dealing with Acne & Hyperpigmentation. Lactic acid and salicylic acid … However, if you are looking to remove a tan or other discoloration, then alpha hydroxy acids can provide great results also found in scientific studies that we discussed in previous sections. Both lactic acid and glycolic acid are alpha hydroxy acids. Mandelic acid is derived from bitter almonds. Good Genes Glycolic Acid Treatment, $85.00. Looking for our scholarship? 9 Salicylic–mandelic acid … They are both alpha hydroxy acids which work to remove top layers of skin and dead skin cells, a process that also unclogs pores. “This leaves you with smoother skin that’s more even in texture and color and paving the way for other products used to penetrate deeper,” he says. “Glycolic acid has the ability to activate and increase fibroblast cells that help produce collagen,” explains Dr. Russak. Depending on your skin and the severity of the problem you are targeting, you may get great results from a combination because it is able to target the issue at two different penetrative depths. Sensitive skin types or those dealing with a damaged moisture barrier and experiencing the highly irritated skin that is a result, might do better with lactic acid. Use a gentle exfoliator with lactic acid, glycolic acid… (2015) Int J Cosmet Sci.]. Topical therapy is mainstay of treatment which includes chemical peels and other depigmenting agents. This was a non randomized open study but it specifically looked at the effects of AHA on patients who had gone to a dermatologist for their acne issues and were prescribed an AHA cream either by itself or alongside another treatment. If you use glycolic or lactic acid, try to start with a formula that has pH closer to 4 not to irritate the top protective layer of the skin and 5% concentration of acid for daily use. Yet one other addition to the weird (but efficient) skincare ingredient canon, lactic acid—a pure exfoliating acid present in rotten milk—is definitely a light Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) that improves texture, nixes hyperpigmentation and scars, and soften the looks of effective strains. As always, you should talk to your derm to help figure out the best game plan for you. Use this link to access our yearly scholarship for health and nutrition students. Overall side-effect profiles were comparable in chemical peel agents. Gross. If you have hyperpigmentation… Glycolic acid can also disturb the production of melanin within the basal layer of the skin, making it a good option for those looking to combat hyperpigmentation… Lactic acid is one of the most common type of AHA and is available in a wide range of concentrations, making it a great beginner and advanced alpha hydroxy acid. Are Retinol and Acids Safe for the Summer. What is the difference? Glycolic acid offers the same benefits as lactic acid but at a greater strength than lactic acid. Lactic acid is the rare acid that’s a moisturizing exfoliant. Glycolic acid can be found in concentrations from 2% to 50% and more. The results showed that: “The appearance of age-related hand pigmentation characteristics were significantly improved at 4 and 8 weeks of treatment. Chemical or Physical exfoliant – Which one is better for my skin? Another study looked at the effect of AHAs on skin pore and comedone. Lactic acid and salicylic acid can be used together in your skincare routine. As with glycolic acid… (2012) Journal of the German Science of Dermatology.]. Always start off slowly and build up to a higher concentration to see how your skin reacts. If you are nervous, try using it in a face or body wash once or twice a week so it does not sit on your skin for a long period of time and you can see how your skin reacts to it. Glycolic Acid is Best For. You can use it in a lower concentration when you’re starting out in your acid exfoliation journey as well as in stronger concentrations once your skin has become accustomed to chemical exfoliation. Alpha hydroxy acids like glycolic acid and lactic acid has also been shown to reduce fine lines and surface wrinkles by increasing collagen production in your skin. Lactic acid as a solution is also used as a food additive as preservative or for flavor. Use this link to access our yearly scholarship for health and nutrition students. Which is better? It is best suited to treating surface hyperpigmentation because it doesn’t penetrate deep into the skin. Lactic acid not only has the ability to help clear keratosis pilaris but to provide the skin with more hydration. Glycolic acid is considered to be the stronger of the two, but stronger doesn’t always equal better.

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